Lampropeltis p. pyromelana
Adult Size: Adults can reach 42 inches in length.
Adult Weight: 1 to 3 lbs
Range: Wooded areas in Chihuahua and Sonora, Mexico, and north through central Arizona.
Habitat: This rock-dwelling snake will not usually venture far from its rock pile. The rock pile will typically be on the edge of a wooded area near water.
Captive Lifespan: 12 to 20 Years
Care Level: Beginner
Cages should be escape proof, complete with water and hiding area. Kingsnakes and milk snakes must be housed separately (except during breeding season) because they are cannibalistic. Inexpensive enclosures such as plastic shoe or sweater boxes work well if there are ventilation holes drilled in the sides. Aquariums or home-made enclosures also work well if you want to display the snake. A variety of substrates may be used (aspen shavings, corn-cob-type rodent bedding or newspaper) to keep the animals clean, warm and dry.
Kingsnakes will feed on just about anything. They will consume warm-blooded prey such as rodents and birds, as well as cold-blooded prey such as lizards and frogs (in addition to other snakes).
Many species adapt well in captivity if kept between 80 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit, with a nighttime temperature drop of five to 10 degrees. Temperature control is important as it maintains feeding response and digestion.